Tuesday, 25 April 2023 00:00

Relief Options for Bunions

A small hardened lump on the outside of the big toe may indicate a bunion has formed. It can grow in size if treatment is not sought, and can cause the other toes to shift toward each other. Bunions form as a result of genetic factors, or they may happen from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move in freely. It is considered to be a deformity and may be painful, often causing difficulty in walking. Some patients notice there is redness and swelling surrounding the bunion, and it may reduce range of motion in the big toe. Relief may be found when the correct size shoes are worn, with enough room for the toes to move in. Additionally, orthotics may be worn which may improve comfort and foot alignment. Corns may form on top of the bunion, where it rubs against the shoe, and wearing a protective pad over the bunion may temporarily provide relief. If you have a bunion, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can offer you treatment solutions, which may include minor surgery for permanent removal.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact Jim Maxka, DPM of South Penn Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Hanover, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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